Birds

The bird bone reference collection includes a diverse range of species found in Iceland, with 150 specimens.This includes bones from iconic birds such as puffins, northern gannets, and arctic terns. Most of the bird specimens are whole skeletons. The collection includes 22 skeletons of Icelandic chickens, both males and females and of various ages.  

The provided spreadsheet is a simplified version. Download here for the full version. If you want any further information or wish to reference the reference collection please contact Albína Hulda Pálsdóttir.

Species English
Species Icelandic
Species Latin
Family
Subfamily. Tribe. Genus.
Sex
Age
Country of origin
Completeness
Bone pathology
Date of collection
Date in reference collection
Specimen number
Artic tern
Kría
Sterna paradisea
Sternidae
Sterna
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Jul-09
17/07/13
A067
Artic tern
Kría
Sterna paradisea
null
null
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Sumarið 2007
19/07/13
A080
Common Redshank
Stelkur
Tringa totanus
Scolopacidae
Tringa
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 1 August 09
null
A002
Common blackbird
Svartþröstur
Turdus merula
Turdidae
Turdus
male
one year old
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 5 December 15
null
A120
Common eider
Æðarfugl
Somateria mollissima
Anatidae
Anas
female
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
null
Thursday, 16 June 16
14/08/17
A139
Domestic chicken
Hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianinae. Genus: Gallus
unknown
Juvenile
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
no
Vor 2011
null
A059
Domestic duck/American Pekin Duck
Dönsk peking önd
Anas platyrhynchos domesticus
Anatidae
Anas
unknown
Ekki fullvaxinn fugl.
Denmark
almost whole skeleton
no
Jan-12
29/07/13
A062
Eider
Æðakolla, ungi
Somateria mollissima
Anatidae
Subfamily: Merginae. Genus: Somateria
female
fledling
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 1 August 09
null
A003
Eider
Æðarfugl
Somateria mollissima
Anatidae
Subfamily: Merginae. Genus: Somateria
male
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Wednesday, 15 July 09
2012
A014
Eider
Æðarfugl
Somateria mollissima
Anatidae
Subfamily: Merginae. Genus: Somateria
unknown
chick
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Wednesday, 15 July 09
2012
A018
Eider
Æðarfugl
Somateria mollissima
Anatidae
Subfamily: Merginae. Genus: Somateria
female
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Wednesday, 15 July 09
2012
A015
Eider
Æðarfugl
Somateria mollissima
Anatidae
Subfamily: Merginae. Genus: Somateria
female
about 12 years
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Wednesday, 15 July 09
2012
A017
Eider
Æðarfugl
Somateria mollissima
Anatidae
Anas
unknown
chick
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Monday, 15 July 13
13-Jun-13
A076
Eider
Æðarfugl
Somateria mollissima
Anatidae
Anas
unknown
chick
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Monday, 15 July 13
13-Jun-13
A075
Eider
Æðarfugl
Somateria mollissima
null
Somateria
unknown
chick
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Friday, 12 July 13
28/06/16
A078
Eider
Æðarfugl
Somateria mollissima
Anatidae
Anas
unknown
adult
Iceland
wings and sternum
no
unknown
null
A121
Eider
Æðarfugl
Somateria mollissima
Anatidae
Anas
male
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
03/06/16
18/08/16
A122
Falcon
Fálki
Falco rusticolus
null
Falco
unknown
adult
Iceland
1
no
Monday, 8 October 12
08/10/12
A071
Fulmar
Fýll
Fulmaris glacialis
Procellariidae
Fulmarus
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
Haust 2012
A035
Fulmar
Fýll
Fulmaris glacialis
Procellariidae
Fulmarus
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
Haust 2012
A034
Fulmar
Fýll
Fulmaris glacialis
Procellariidae
Fulmarus
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
Haust 2012
A037
Fulmar
Fýll
Fulmaris glacialis
Procellariidae
Fulmarus
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
11/07/13
A033
Fulmar
Fýll
Fulmaris glacialis
Procellariidae
Fulmarus
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
Haust 2012
A036
Glaucous Gull
Hvítmávur/Silfurmáfur
Larus hyperboreus
Laridae
Larus
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Monday, 4 August 08
Amk 2012
A010
Great Black-backed Gull
Svartbakur
Larus marinus
Laridae
Larus
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
15-Jul-11
17/07/13
A061
Great Black-backed Gull
Svartbakur
Larus marinus
Laridae
null
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Thursday, 1 July 10
20/06/16
A048
Green-winged teal
Rákönd
Anas carolinensis/Anas crecca carolinensis
Anatidae
Subfamily: Anatinae. Genus: Anas
female
adult
Belgium
whole skeleton
no
árið 2014
01-Jun-16
A111
Grey heron
Gráhegri
Ardea cinerea
Ardeidae
Genus: Ardea
unknown
adult
Belgium
whole skeleton
no
árið 2014
02-Jun-15
A110
Greylag goose
Grágæs
Anser anser
Anatidae
Subfamily: Anserinae. Tribe: Anserini. Genus: Anser
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Thursday, 22 July 10
2011
A049
Greylag goose
Grágæs
Anser anser
Anatidae
Subfamily: Anserinae. Tribe: Anserini. Genus: Anser
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
unknown
11/07/13
A057
Greylag goose
Grágæs
Anser anser
Anatidae
Subfamily: Anserinae Tribe: Anserini Genus: Anser
unknown
adult
Iceland
Wings, sternum, furcula and more
no
24/11/12
01/10/15
A108
Greylag goose
Grágæs
Anser anser
Anatidae
Anserinae. Anserini. Anser
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Friday, 23 August 13
14/08/17
A082
Greylag goose
Grágæs
Anser anser
Anatidae
Anserinae. Anserini. Anser
unknown
adult
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
No
Thursday, 16 April 15
25/05/16
A098
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae/Genus: Gallus
male
young rooster
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
árið 2014
11/08/16
A113
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
male
young rooster
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Friday, 20 September 13
16/12/15
A086
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae/Genus: Gallus
male
born in april 2014 dead in the fall same year
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
Sumarið 2014
01/06/16
A106
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
male
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Friday, 20 September 13
12/07/15
A089
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae/Genus: Gallus
female
Juvenile
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
Sumarið 2014
01/06/16
A103
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
male
about 2 years
Iceland
whole skeleton -minnins one wing
yes on phalanges
Sumarið 2014
01/06/16
A104
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
male
about 2 years
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
Haust 2014
17/07/15
A095
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
male
born in april 2014 dead in the fall same year
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
Haustið 2014
25/05/16
A105
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
unknown
young
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
árið 2014
2016
A114
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
male
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
unknown
21/07/17
A136
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
female
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
unknown
Aug-17
A134
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
female
born 2010
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
Sumarið 2014
01/06/16
A102
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
female
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
unknown
07/06/17
A132
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
female
4 years
Iceland
whole skeleton
Yes
Friday, 4 October 13
null
A093
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
male
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
unknown
03/07/17
A130
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
female
7 years
Iceland
whole skeleton
Yes
Friday, 4 October 13
22/07/15
A092
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
male?
young rooster
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Friday, 20 September 13
12/07/15
A087
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
male
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Friday, 20 September 13
Ágúst 2016
A088
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
female
not fully adult
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
no
unknown
11/08/16
A131
Icelandic domestic chicken
Íslensk hænsni
Gallus gallus domesticus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Phasianidae. Genus: Gallus
male
8-9 months
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
unknown
28/06/17
A133
Kittiwake
Rita
Rissa tridactyla
Laridae
Rissa
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
Haust 2012
A041
Kittiwake
Rita
Rissa tridactyla
Laridae
Rissa
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
Haust 2012
A039
Kittiwake
Rita
Rissa tridactyla
Laridae
Rissa
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
25/07/13
A042
Kittiwake
Rita
Rissa tridactyla
Laridae
Rissa
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
2012
A040
Kittiwake
Rita
Rissa tridactyla
Laridae
Rissa
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
Jan-13
A038
Lesser Black-backed Gull
Sílamáfur
Larus fuscus
Laridae
Larus
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
24/07/12
28/08/13
A065
Lesser Black-backed Gull
Sílamávur
Larus fuscus
Laridae
Larus
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Friday, 8 August 08
Amk 2012
A009
Lesser Black-backed Gull
Sílamávur
Larus fuscus
Laridae
Larus
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Sunday, 28 July 13
null
A081
Mallard
Stokkönd
Anas platyrhynchos
Anatidae
Anas
unknown
fledling
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
24/07/12
09/07/13
A064
Mallard
Stokkönd
Anas platyrhynchos
Anatidae
Anas
female
adult
Iceland
Wings and skull. Parts of pelvis and sternum
bitemarks
Wednesday, 1 August 12
01/10/15
A068
Meadow Pipit
Þúfutittlingur
Anthus pratensis
Motacillidae
Anthus
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Monday, 23 July 07
18/07/13
A001
Northern gannet
Súla
Morus bassanus
Sulidae
Order: Suliformes
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
Friday, 17 April 15
18/08/16
A101
Northern gannet
Súla
Morus bassanus
Sulidae
Order: Suliformes
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
Friday, 17 April 15
01/06/16
A099
Northern gannet
Súla
Morus bassanus
Sulidae
Order: Suliformes
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
Friday, 17 April 15
28/06/17
A100
Oystercatcher
Tjaldur
Haematopus ostralegus
null
null
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Tuesday, 27 July 10
2012
A051
Pink-footed Goose
Heiðagæs
Anser brachyrhynchus
Anatidae
Anserinae. Anserini. Anser.
unknown
adult
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
no
unknown
16/08/17
A145
Pink-footed Goose
Heiðagæs
Anser brachyrhynchus
Anatidae
Anserinae. Anserini. Anser.
unknown
adult
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
no
unknown
16/08/17
A143
Pink-footed Goose
Heiðagæs
Anser brachyrhynchus
Anatidae
Anserinae. Anserini. Anser.
unknown
adult
Iceland
feet from A142-A147
no
unknown
28/06/17
A148
Pink-footed Goose
Heiðagæs
Anser brachyrhynchus
Anatidae
Anserinae. Anserini. Anser.
unknown
adult
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
no
unknown
null
A147
Pink-footed Goose
Heiðagæs
Anser brachyrhynchus
Anatidae
Anserinae. Anserini. Anser.
unknown
adult
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
no
unknown
08/08/17
A144
Pink-footed Goose
Heiðagæs
Anser brachyrhynchus
Anatidae
Anserinae. Anserini. Anser.
unknown
adult
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
no
unknown
07/06/17
A142
Pink-footed Goose
Heiðagæs
Anser brachyrhynchus
Anatidae
Anserinae. Anserini. Anser.
unknown
adult
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
no
unknown
28/06/17
A146
Ptarmigan/Rock Ptarmigan
Rjúpa
Lagopus mutus
Phasianidae
Subfamily: Tetraoninae. Genus: Lagopus
unknown
unknown
Iceland
parts
no
unknown
2012
A060
Puffin
Lundi
Fratercula arctica
Alcidae
Fratercula
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
11/07/13
A025
Puffin
Lundi
Fratercula arctica
Alcidae
Fratercula
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
unknown
11/07/13
A023
Puffin
Lundi
Fratercula arctica
Alcidae
Fratercula
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
Jan-13
A027
Puffin
Lundi
Fratercula arctica
Alcidae
Fratercula
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
11/07/13
A031
Puffin
Lundi
Fratercula arctica
Alcidae
Fratercula
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
Haust 2012
A028
Puffin
Lundi
Fratercula arctica
Alcidae
Fratercula
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
11/07/13
A024
Puffin
Lundi
Fratercula arctica
Alcidae
Fratercula
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
11/07/13
A030
Puffin
Lundi
Fratercula arctica
Alcidae
Fratercula
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
Haust 2012
A032
Puffin
Lundi
Fratercula arctica
Alcidae
Fratercula
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
Jan-13
A029
Raven
Hrafn
Corvus corax
Corvidae
Corvus
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Jun-09
10/07/13
A011
Raven
Hrafn
Corvus corax
Corvidae
Corvus
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Thursday, 20 September 12
23/10/15
A070
Raven
Hrafn ?
Corvus corax
Corvidae
Corvus
unknown
unknown
Iceland
wing
no
unknown
null
A141
Razorbill
Álka
Alka torda
Alcidae
Alca
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
25/07/13
A046
Razorbill
Álka
Alka torda
Alcidae
Alca
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
25/07/13
A043
Razorbill
Álka
Alka torda
Alcidae
Alca
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
25/07/13
A045
Razorbill
Álka
Alka torda
Alcidae
Alca
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
25/07/13
A047
Razorbill
Álka
Alka torda
Alcidae
Alca
unknown
adult
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
no
Wednesday, 17 April 13
null
A072
Razorbill?
Álka?
?
null
null
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
20/06/16
A052
Razorbill?
Álka?
?
null
null
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
20/06/16
A053
Razorbill?
Álka?
?
null
null
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 4 July 09
20/06/16
A054
Redwing
Skógarþröstur
Turdus iliacus
Turdidae
Turdus
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
unknown
null
A006
Redwing
Skógarþröstur
Turdus iliacus
Turdidae
Turdus
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Sumar 2015
18/07/16
A117
Redwing
Skógarþröstur
Turdus iliacus
Turdidae
Turdus
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Sumar 2015
03/08/17
A116
Redwing
Skógarþröstur
Turdus iliacus
Turdidae
Turdus
unknown
chick
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Saturday, 7 September 13
08/11/16
A084
Redwing
Skógarþröstur
Turdus iliacus
Turdidae
Turdus
unknown
chick
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Sumar 2015
11/08/16
A118
Redwing
Skógarþröstur
Turdus iliacus
Turdidae
Turdus
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Thursday, 19 September 13
08/11/16
A085
Redwing
Skógarþröstur
Turdus iliacus
Turdidae
Turdus
unknown
chick
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Sumar 2015
11/08/16
A115
Redwing
Skógarþröstur
Turdus iliacus
Turdidae
Turdus
unknown
unknown
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
Sunday, 28 September 14
06/06/16
A096
Snow bunting
Snjótittlingur
Plectrophenax nivalis
Calcariidae
Genus: Plectrophenax
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Lok maí 2015
18/07/16
A109
Starling
Stari
Sturnus vulgaris
Sturnidae
Sturnus
unknown
chick
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Wednesday, 6 June 12
09/07/13
A063
Starling
Stari
Sturnus vulgaris
Sturnidae
Sturnus
unknown
chick
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
09/07/12
09/07/13
A066
Starling
Stari
Sturnus vulgaris
Sturnidae
Sturnus
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
22. maí 2013
06/06/16
A074
Tufted duck
Skúfönd
Aythya fuligula
Anatidae
Subfamily: Aythyinae. Genus: Aythya
male
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Tuesday, 1 October 13
08/08/17
A091
Tufted duck
Skúfönd
Aythya fuligula
Anatidae
Subfamily: Aythyinae. Genus: Aythya
male
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Tuesday, 1 October 13
03/07/17
A090
Tystie
Teista
Cepphus grylle
Alcidae
Cepphus
female
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
03/06/16
21/07/16
A128
Tystie
Teista
Cepphus grylle
Alcidae
Cepphus
female ?
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
03/06/16
21/07/16
A126
Tystie
Teista
Cepphus grylle
Alcidae
Cepphus
male?
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
03/06/16
21/07/16
A125
Tystie
Teista
Cepphus grylle
Alcidae
Cepphus
female
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
03/06/16
21/07/16
A127
Tystie
Teista
Cepphus grylle
Alcidae
Cepphus
male
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
03/06/16
21/07/16
A129
White Wagtail
Maríuerla
Motacilla alba
Motacillidae
Motacilla
male
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Sunday, 14 July 13
28/06/16
A079
Whooper swan
Svanur
Cygnus cygnus
Anatidae
Subfamily: Anserinae. Tribe: Cygnini
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Sunday, 5 August 12
01/10/15
A069
Whooper swan
Svanur/Álft
Cygnus cygnus
Anatidae
Subfamily: Anserinae. Tribe: Cygnini
unknown
adult
Iceland
only tibio-tarsus
no
árið 2007
2007
A112
Whooper swan
Svanur
Cygnus cygnus
null
Cygnus
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Friday, 12 July 13
11/07/16
A077
Whooper swan
Svanur/Álft
Cygnus cygnus
Anatidae
Subfamily: Anserinae. Tribe: Cygnini
unknown
unknown
Iceland
one bone
No
Friday, 1 June 07
Júní 2007.
A094
X
X
Owl vomit
null
null
unknown
unknown
Iceland
?
no
unknown
null
A140