Mammals

There are 148 samples from mammals in the collection, mostly domestic. These include 90 partial skeletons from Icelandic sheep, which have detailed information about sex, age and size. Most of the sheep samples include include at a minimum a skull, mandibles, humerus, femur, tibia, scapula, parts of the vertebral column and ribs. For wild animals the collection has a dolphin, harbour porpoises, several seals, arctic foxes and more. 

The provided spreadsheet is a simplified version. Download here for the full version. If you want any further information or wish to reference the reference collection please contact Albína Hulda Pálsdóttir.

Species English
Species Icelandic
Species Latin
Breed
Sex
Age
Country of origin
Completeness
Pathology
Date of collection
Date in reference collection
Specimen number
Arctic fox
Refur
Vulpues lagopus fuliginosus
Icelandic fox
female
adult
Iceland
Whole skeleton except for tail.
no
01/08/12
2016
M065
Arctic fox
Refur
Vulpues lagopus fuliginosus
Icelandic fox
male
adult
Iceland
Whole skeleton except for tail.
Yes - Fracture/ infection of phalange 1 and phalange 2 so they are partially fused.
01/08/12
07/10/15
M066
Arctic fox
Refur
Vulpes lagopus fuliginosus
Icelandic fox
unknown
adult
Iceland
jaw: missing canine
no
unknown
summer 2009
M071
Arctic fox
Refur
Vulpes lagopus fuliginosus
Icelandic fox
unknown
adult
Iceland
jaw: missing canine
no
unknown
summer 2009
M072
Arctic fox
Refur
Vulpes lagopus fuliginosus
Icelandic fox
unknown
adult
Iceland
jaw: missing canine
no
unknown
summer 2009
M073
Arctic fox
Refur
Vulpes lagopus fuliginosus
Icelandic fox
unknown
adult
Iceland
jaw: missing canine
no
unknown
summer 2009
M074
Arctic fox
Refur
Vulpes lagopus fuliginosus
Icelandic fox
unknown
adult
Iceland
skull; missing i3 on the left side
no
unknown
summer 2009
M075
Arctic fox
Refur
Vulpes lagopus fuliginosus
Icelandic fox
unknown
adult
Iceland
Skull : all teeth present
no
unknown
summer 2009
M076
Arctic fox
Refur
Vulpes lagopus fuliginosus
Icelandic fox
unknown
Juvenile
Iceland
parts of skull
no
unknown
summer 2009
M077
Arctic fox
Refur
Vulpes lagopus fuliginosus
Icelandic fox
unknown
adult
Iceland
Skull : missing two teeth
no
unknown
summer 2009
M078
Arctic fox
Refur
Vulpes lagopus fuliginosus
Icelandic fox
unknown
adult
Iceland
Skull
no
unknown
summer 2009
M079
Arctic fox
Refur
Vulpes lagopus fuliginosus
Icelandic fox
unknown
adult
Iceland
jaw : missing canine
no
unknown
summer 2009
M080
Arctic fox
Refur ?
Vulpes lagopus fuliginosus?
Icelandic foc
unknown
unknown
Iceland
tibia ?
no
2007
August 2017
M132
Brown rat
Brúnrotta
Rattus norvegicus
unknown
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
unknown
17/07/13
M041
Brown rat
Brúnrotta
Rattus norvegicus
unknown
unknown
adult, but not fully grown
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
unknown
17/07/13
M042
Brown rat
Brúnrotta
Rattus norvegicus
unknown
unknown
adult, but not fully grown
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
unknown
19/07/13
M043
Brown rat
Brúnrotta
Rattus norvegicus
unknown
unknown
adult, but not fully grown
Iceland
whole skeleton: missing some of smaller bones
No
unknown
09/07/13
M044
Cattle
Nautgripur
Bos taurus
Icelandic cattle
unknown
Neonatal
Iceland
parts of skeleton
No
summer 2010
2012
M023
Cattle
Nautgripur
Bos taurus
Icelandic cattle
unknown
adult
Iceland
missing P2, P3 and incisors
No
2009
2009
M025
Cattle
Nautgripur
Bos taurus
Icelandic cattle
female
adult
Iceland
skull.
No
summer 2010
2010
M027
Cattle
Bos taurus
Icelandic cattle
unknown
adult
Iceland
pelvis, humerus, femur, tibia
no
14/06/12
2012
M056
Cattle
Nautgripur
Bos taurus
icelandic cattle
unknown
adult
Iceland
part of jaw
no
unknown
2012
M084
Cattle
Nautgripur
Bos taurus
Icelandic cattle
unknown
almost adult
Iceland
Three boneparts from osso bucco slices. One near proximal tibia end, two from diaphisis on tibia
no
26/10/13
10/07/13
M093
Cattle
Nautgripur
Bos taurus
Icelandic cattle
unknown
not fully grown
Iceland
1
no
unknown
10/07/13
M098
Cattle
Nautgripur
Bos taurus
icelandic cattle
unknown
not fully grown
Iceland
1
no
unknown
10/07/13
M099
Cattle
Nautgripur
Bos taurus
unknown
unknown
unknown
Iceland
horn with a cast inside
no
2011
2011
M100
Cattle
Nautgripur
Bos taurus
icelandic cattle
male
Neonatal, died at birth.
Iceland
Whole skeleton.
no
24/11/15
20/07/16
M119
Cattle
Nautgripur
Bos taurus
Icelandic cattle
male
3 months
Iceland
Whole skeleton.
no
04/01/16
August 2017
M122
Cattle
Nautgripur
Bos taurus
unknown
unknown
unknown
Iceland
Humerus, distal
no
2007
August 2017
M129
Dog
Hundur
Canis familiaris
unknown
unknown
adult
n/a
one bone
No
2008
2008
M026
Dog
Hundur
Canis familiaris
unknown
unknown
adult
n/a
skull
No
bought 02.03.2009.
2009
M029
Dog
Hundur
Canis familiaris
unknown
unknown
adult
n/a
skull
No
bought 02.03.2009.
2009
M030
Dog
Hundur
Canis familiaris
unknown
unknown
adult
n/a
skull
No
bought 02.03.2009.
2009
M031
Dolphin
Höfrungur
Cetacea
unknown
unknown
unknown
Iceland
Whole skeleton, missing some teeths
no
24/11/12
23/06/16
M067
Domestic cat
Köttur
Felix catus domesticus
Icelandic domestic cat
female
almost adult
Iceland
null
no
08/10/12
2016
M064
Domestic cat
Köttur
Felix catus domesticus
unknown
unknown
adults, most of them
USA
9 skulls with jaws
no
Keypt í febrúar 2014.
February 2014
M107
Domestic cat
Köttur
Felix catus domesticus
unknown
male
unknown
UK
Whole skeleton
no
unknown
22/07/16
M135
Domestic cat
Köttur
Felix catus domesticus
unknown
unknown
kitten (weaned)
UK
almost a whole skeleton
no
unknown
22/07/16
M136
Domestic cattle
Bos taurus
Icelandic cattle
unknown
Neonatal
Iceland
parts of skeleton ; parts of skull, jaw, ribs, few vertebrae and humerus
no
summer 2010
2012
M062
Domestic dog
Hundur
Canis familiaris
Spaniel
unknown
unknown
USA
whole skeleton
no
unknown
2012
M054
Domestic dog
Hundur
Canis familiaris
unknown
unknown
adult
USA
Skull and lower jaw
no
unknown
2011
M060
Domestic dog
Hundur
Canis familiaris
unknown
unknown
puppies
USA
skulls from 5 puppies
no
bought in December 2012.
December 2012
M069
Domestic dog
Hundur
Canis familiaris
unknown
unknown
adult
USA
skull
no
bought in December 2012.
December 2012
M070
Domestic dog
Hundur
Canis familiaris
Border collie
male
adult
USA
whole skeleton
no
14/06/13
August 2016
M087
Domestic goat
Geit
Capra hircus
Icelandic goat
female
4 yrs
Iceland
whole skeleton
yes, on a few ribs. Reason unknown ; fraction, infection, cancer ?
30/09/11
23/10/15
M047
Domestic goat
Geit
Capra hircus
Icelandic goat
male
adult
Iceland
n/a
no
unknown
2011
M048
Domestic goat
Geit
Capra hircus
Icelandic goat
female
adult
Iceland
n/a
no
unknown
2011
M049
Domestic goat
Geit
Capra hircus
Icelandic goat
unknown
kid
Iceland
smaller bones
no
30/09/11
2011
M050
Domestic goat
Geit
Capra hircus
English goat
male
kid
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
unknown
2012
M055
Domestic goat
Geit
Capra hircus
Icelandic goat
unknown
6-7 moths
Iceland
Femur, tibia and part of pelvis
no
n/a
08/07/16
M108
Domestic horse
Hestur
Equus caballus
Icelandic horse
female
adult
Iceland
Bara calcaneus
no
unknown
01/10/16
M138
Domestic pig
Svín
Sus scrofa domesticus
unknown
unknown
piglette
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
no
01/08/11
Januar 2013
M053
Domestic pig
Svín
Sus scrofa domesticus
unknown
unknown
unknown
UK
Parts of skeleton
no
unknown
22/07/16
M137
European rabbit/common rabbit
Kanína
Oryctolagus cuniculus
unknown
unknown
adult
England
Whole skeleton.
no
2010/2011
2011
M051
European rabbit/common rabbit
Kanína
Oryctolagus cuniculus
unknown
unknown
unknown
Scotland
humerus, radius and ulna.
no
04/04/16
27/05/16
M123
Grey seal
Útselur
Halichoerus grypus
unknown
male
adult
Iceland
almost whole skeleton- missing smaller bones
No
14/07/11
summer 2012.
M034
Grey seal
Útselur/haustselur.
Halichoerus grypus
unknown
unknown
adult
Iceland
Humerus, distal
no
13/07/13
17/07/13
M103
Hamster
Hamstur
Cricetinae
n/a
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
01/02/09
2011
M019
Harbor porpoise
Hnísa
Phocoena phocoena
n/a
Male
Adult
Iceland
Whole skeleton.
No
03/06/16
August 2017
M125
Harbor seal
Landselur
Phoca vitulina
unknown
unknown
cup
Iceland
parts of skeleton : vertebrae, ribs, small parts of skull and some long bones
no
05/08/12
07/10/15
M063
Horse
Hestur
Equus caballus
Icelandic horse
unknown
5-7 yrs
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
No
summer 2010
2010
M022
Horse
Hestur
Equus caballus
Icelandic horse
unknown
adult
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
No
summer 2007
2007
M028
Large terrestrial mammal LTM
Stórt landsspendýr, líklega af nautgrip
Large terrestrial mammal (sennilega Bos taurus)
unknown
unknown
unknown
Iceland
One large rib
no
Jun-15
12/06/15
M109
Pig
Svín
Sus scrofa domesticus
unknown
unknown
unknown
Iceland
one part of petrus bulla
no
unknown
10/10/16
M142
Seal
Selur
Phocidae
unknown
unknown
unknown
Iceland
two teeth
no
unknown
2011
M061
Seal
Selur
Pinniped
unknown
unknown
unknown
Iceland
Temporal bone
no
unknown
August 2017
M128
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
1 week
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
15/06/06
2008
M001
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
Female
4-5 yrs
Iceland
almost whole skeleton
No
01/08/08
2008
M002
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
Female
newborn
Iceland
whole skeleton
No
10/05/10
2012
M016
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
6-7 months
Iceland
thighbone
No
01/06/10
summer 2010
M017
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
6-7 months
Iceland
thighbone
No
01/06/10
summer 2010
M018
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
Female (based on Hatting 1995)
1 1/2- 2 1/2 yrs (based on Hatting 1995)
Iceland
almost whole skeleton, missing smaller bone
No
summer 2010
2012
M020
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
Female (based on Hatting 1995)
1 1/2- 2 1/2 yrs (based on Hatting 1995)
Iceland
almost whole skeleton- missing skull, most teeths and jaws
No
summer 2010
2012
M021
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
Adult
Iceland
n/a
No
summer 2007
2012
M024
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
Female (based on Hatting 1995)
adult
Iceland
Part of skeleton; horned skull,jaws, fraction of hyoid, 3 parts of pelvis (not from same indivitual)
No
summer 2010
2012
M032
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
male
adult
Iceland
Horn
No
unknown
summer 2012.
M038
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
male
adult
Iceland
Horn
No
unknown
summer 2012.
M039
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
unknown
Iceland
parts of humerus
No
08/07/11
summer 2012.
M040
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
6-7 months
Iceland
Thighbone: femur and a part of tibia
No
2015
2015
M045
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
male
6-7 months
Iceland
half a skull
No
2014
04/11/15
M046
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
unknown
Iceland
Skull with some teeths and small horns
no
unknown
2012
M057
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
lamb
Iceland
almost whole skeleton, missing skull and jaws
no
13/05/12
summer 2012.
M058
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
n/a
Iceland
Skull, one jaw, parts of pelvis, scapula, tibia, femur and one rib
no
unknown
2012
M059
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
adult
Iceland
whole skeleton ; missing smaller bones and a few teeth
no
unknown
summer 2011
M081
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
unknown
Iceland
Radius - some damege on the ends
no
unknown
summer 2012.
M082
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
adult
Iceland
one jaw
no
unknown
2012
M083
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
3-5 months
Iceland
Bone from four leg pieces, part of acetabulum, innominate (pelvis) and proximal femur. All intermediate fusion.
no
Haust 2012.
10/07/13
M094
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
not fully adult
Iceland
three articulated lumbar vertebra. Intermediate fusion.
no
Jun-13
10/07/13
M095
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
unknown
Iceland
Half of split metacarpal, fused.
no
Jun-13
10/07/13
M096
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
female
adult
Iceland
horned skull : missing some molars
no
14/07/13
17/07/13
M102
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
Juvenile
Iceland
Scapula
no
Fannst 2012
August 2017
M110
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
unknown
Iceland
Lower jaw
no
unknown
July 2016
M113
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
unknown
Iceland
Lower jaw
no
unknown
July 2016
M114
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
unknown
Iceland
half a skull
no
unknown
July 2016
M115
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
unknown
Iceland
half a skull
no
unknown
July 2016
M116
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
unknown
Iceland
part of upper jaw
no
unknown
July 2016
M117
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
unknown
Iceland
half a skull
no
unknown
July 2016
M118
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic cattle
male
21 moths
Iceland
Whole skeleton.
no
12/01/16
18/07/16
M120
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
unknown
Iceland
Lower jaw
yes
n/a
August 2017
M130
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
Lamb
Iceland
A partial skull, occ, zyg, frn, pet
no
June 2007
2007
M146
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
unknown
Iceland
Part of a skull
no
2007
August 2017
M131
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
unknown
unknown
Iceland
part of tibia/femur ?
no
2007
August 2017
M133
Sheep
Kind
Ovis aries
Icelandic sheep.
probably female
unknown
Iceland
A single unerupted M3 molar
no
13/11/16
18/11/16
M143
Sperm whale
Búrhvalur
Physeter macrocephalus
unknown
unknown
unknown
Iceland
cast of a teeth
no
unknown
August 2017
M134
Walrus
Atlantshafsrostungur
Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus
Atlantic walrus
Male
Adult
Greenland
Skull and mandible with teeth and os penis.
no
Aug-15
18/10/15
M112
Wood mouse/Long tailed field mouse/Field mouse
Hagamús
Apodemus sylvaticus
unknown
unknown
not fully adult
Iceland
whole skeleton
no
Nóvember 2006.
10/07/13
M097
sperm whale
Búrhvalur
Physeter macrocephalus
unknown
unknown
unknown
Iceland
one fraction - not diagnosed
no
04/10/16
10/10/16
M140